|English pages||Megaliths: General information|
|General info > Appearance - Age - Function - Civilization - Funnel Beaker|
Dolmen often are seen as burial tombs and standing stones as landmarks, a much to simplistic view.
In many megalithic tombs never where found human remains. Small megalithic tombs where probably used as funeral place, often only holding ashes, the big monuments 'are asking' for another explanation...
We have to consider that similar buildings
can have a different function, like modern electric transformer
houses that looks like a chapel.
Many megalithic monuments probably had a ritual function and a astronomical purpose (calendar...).
Some 'passage tombs' possibly served as meditation room or as initiation place. Many people are convinced that a strong 'energy field' surrounds megalithic monuments. It can be a real energy used in rituals, but it also can be only an impression created by the characteristics of the monuments selves...
Loughcrew (4000 B.C. a 2800 B.C.) gives a good example of megalith's versatility. High situated, laying on four hills, this place reaches to heaven. Around the tombs (+- 30 remain) much space exists, so lots of people could participate during big festivities. Some of the tombs are directed at special sun positions, possibly to determine the exact time for holy days.
Two chambered tombs in Loughcrew are well enough preserved to show us the richness of symbolic gravures. We can only fantasize about the meaning of the symbols and the rituals that once took place over here...
Even today pregnant women made the fatiguing climb to the top, for a walk around one of the cairn. This in health profit of their future child...
Brú na Bóinne (+- 3200 B.C.) is the name given to the land dominated by the spectacular chambered tombs Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth, near the Boyne River (County Meath - Ireland). This is a multi-faceted site.
The spiral motives carved in some kerbstones in Newgrange often are seen as symbols that express faith in reincarnation. Researchers presume that the ashes of deceased people only temporally where kept in the tomb, to catch the sunbeams on midwinter solstice (symbol of reincarnation)
Still today many standing stones are still seen as curative and good for fertility. Other standing stones where possibly used for astronomical observations, and some just may be landmarks...